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Basics web scraping using Python3 with BeautifulSoup4 and then convert to Markdown

Basics web scraping using Python3 with BeautifulSoup4 and then converting to Markdown

Basic Python BeautifulSoup4 web scraping and then Markdown

pip install requests
pip install beautifulsoup4
pip install markdownify

import markdownify 

import requests
from bs4 import BeautifulSoup

def beautifulsoup_web_scrape_url(url):
  response = requests.get(url)
  soup = BeautifulSoup(response.content, 'html.parser')
  return str(soup)

url = "https://www.antoniofeijao.com/"

data = beautifulsoup_web_scrape_url(url)

print(data)



# convert html to markdown 
h = markdownify.markdownify(data, heading_style="ATX") 

print(h)


f = open("result.txt", "w")
f.write("##result file done. Woops! I have deleted the content!##")
f.write(h)
f.close()

#open and read the file after the overwriting:
f = open("result.txt", "r")
print(f.read())

inspiration-from


Happy learning

by Antonio Feijao UK

AWS boto3 credentials, boto session and boto3 available clients in python for the region the session was created.

About AWS credentials, boto3.session, list boto3 available clients in python3, load and access AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID, AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY, AWS_SESSION_TOKEN.

Documentation here https://boto3.amazonaws.com/v1/documentation/api/latest/guide/credentials.html.

My notes below.


aws-boto3-session

Example of AWS boto session credentials.

import boto3

help(boto3.session.Session)
  • output of help(...)
Help on class Session in module boto3.session:

class Session(builtins.object)
 |  Session(aws_access_key_id=None, aws_secret_access_key=None, aws_session_token=None, region_name=None, botocore_session=None, profile_name=None)
 |
 |  A session stores configuration state and allows you to create service
 |  clients and resources.
 |
 |  :type aws_access_key_id: string
 |  :param aws_access_key_id: AWS access key ID
 |  :type aws_secret_access_key: string
 |  :param aws_secret_access_key: AWS secret access key
 |  :type aws_session_token: string
 |  :param aws_session_token: AWS temporary session token
 |  :type region_name: string
 |  :param region_name: Default region when creating new connections
 |  :type botocore_session: botocore.session.Session
 |  :param botocore_session: Use this Botocore session instead of creating
 |                           a new default one.
 |  :type profile_name: string
 |  :param profile_name: The name of a profile to use. If not given, then
 |                       the default profile is used.
 |
 |  Methods defined here:

 (...)

creating-aws-boto3-session-with-aws-access-keys-secret-access-key-and-token

In this method, you must pass the AWS_ACCESS_KEY, SECRET and TOKEN through environment variables. It is not recommended to hard-code credentials.

session = boto3.session.Session(
    aws_access_key_id     = AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID,
    aws_secret_access_key = AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY,
    aws_session_token     = AWS_SESSION_TOKEN,
    region_name='eu-west-2',
    botocore_session=None,
    profile_name=None
)

In this method, the boto3, session will look for credentials in various locations based on predefined order, as described in the documentation https://boto3.amazonaws.com/v1/documentation/api/latest/guide/credentials.html.

session = boto3.session.Session(
    region_name='eu-west-2'
)

using-the-session-list-available-clients

services = session.get_available_services()

print(services)
['accessanalyzer', 'account', 'acm', 'acm-pca', 'alexaforbusiness', 'amp', 'amplify', 'amplifybackend', 'amplifyuibuilder', 'apigateway', 'apigatewaymanagementapi', 'apigatewayv2', 'appconfig', 'appconfigdata', 'appflow', 'appintegrations', 'application-autoscaling', 'application-insights', 'applicationcostprofiler', 'appmesh', 'apprunner', 'appstream', 'appsync', 'arc-zonal-shift', 'athena', 'auditmanager', 'autoscaling', 'autoscaling-plans', 'backup', 'backup-gateway', 'backupstorage', 'batch', 'billingconductor', 'braket', 'budgets', 'ce', 'chime', 'chime-sdk-identity', 'chime-sdk-media-pipelines', 'chime-sdk-meetings', 'chime-sdk-messaging', 'chime-sdk-voice', 'cleanrooms', 'cloud9', 'cloudcontrol', 'clouddirectory', 'cloudformation', 'cloudfront', 'cloudhsm', 'cloudhsmv2', 'cloudsearch', 'cloudsearchdomain', 'cloudtrail', 'cloudtrail-data', 'cloudwatch', 'codeartifact', 'codebuild', 'codecatalyst', 'codecommit', 'codedeploy', 'codeguru-reviewer', 'codeguru-security', 'codeguruprofiler', 'codepipeline', 'codestar', 'codestar-connections', 'codestar-notifications', 'cognito-identity', 'cognito-idp', 'cognito-sync', 'comprehend', 'comprehendmedical', 'compute-optimizer', 'config', 'connect', 'connect-contact-lens', 'connectcampaigns', 'connectcases', 'connectparticipant', 'controltower', 'cur', 'customer-profiles', 'databrew', 'dataexchange', 'datapipeline', 'datasync', 'dax', 'detective', 'devicefarm', 'devops-guru', 'directconnect', 'discovery', 'dlm', 'dms', 'docdb', 'docdb-elastic', 'drs', 'ds', 'dynamodb', 'dynamodbstreams', 'ebs', 'ec2', 'ec2-instance-connect', 'ecr', 'ecr-public', 'ecs', 'efs', 'eks', 'elastic-inference', 'elasticache', 'elasticbeanstalk', 'elastictranscoder', 'elb', 'elbv2', 'emr', 'emr-containers', 'emr-serverless', 'es', 'events', 'evidently', 'finspace', 'finspace-data', 'firehose', 'fis', 'fms', 'forecast', 'forecastquery', 'frauddetector', 'fsx', 'gamelift', 'gamesparks', 'glacier', 'globalaccelerator', 'glue', 'grafana', 'greengrass', 'greengrassv2', 'groundstation', 'guardduty', 'health', 'healthlake', 'honeycode', 'iam', 'identitystore', 'imagebuilder', 'importexport', 'inspector', 'inspector2', 'internetmonitor', 'iot', 'iot-data', 'iot-jobs-data', 'iot-roborunner', 'iot1click-devices', 'iot1click-projects', 'iotanalytics', 'iotdeviceadvisor', 'iotevents', 'iotevents-data', 'iotfleethub', 'iotfleetwise', 'iotsecuretunneling', 'iotsitewise', 'iotthingsgraph', 'iottwinmaker', 'iotwireless', 'ivs', 'ivs-realtime', 'ivschat', 'kafka', 'kafkaconnect', 'kendra', 'kendra-ranking', 'keyspaces', 'kinesis', 'kinesis-video-archived-media', 'kinesis-video-media', 'kinesis-video-signaling', 'kinesis-video-webrtc-storage', 'kinesisanalytics', 'kinesisanalyticsv2', 'kinesisvideo', 'kms', 'lakeformation', 'lambda', 'lex-models', 'lex-runtime', 'lexv2-models', 'lexv2-runtime', 'license-manager', 'license-manager-linux-subscriptions', 'license-manager-user-subscriptions', 'lightsail', 'location', 'logs', 'lookoutequipment', 'lookoutmetrics', 'lookoutvision', 'm2', 'machinelearning', 'macie', 'macie2', 'managedblockchain', 'marketplace-catalog', 'marketplace-entitlement', 'marketplacecommerceanalytics', 'mediaconnect', 'mediaconvert', 'medialive', 'mediapackage', 'mediapackage-vod', 'mediapackagev2', 'mediastore', 'mediastore-data', 'mediatailor', 'memorydb', 'meteringmarketplace', 'mgh', 'mgn', 'migration-hub-refactor-spaces', 'migrationhub-config', 'migrationhuborchestrator', 'migrationhubstrategy', 'mobile', 'mq', 'mturk', 'mwaa', 'neptune', 'network-firewall', 'networkmanager', 'nimble', 'oam', 'omics', 'opensearch', 'opensearchserverless', 'opsworks', 'opsworkscm', 'organizations', 'osis', 'outposts', 'panorama', 'payment-cryptography', 'payment-cryptography-data', 'personalize', 'personalize-events', 'personalize-runtime', 'pi', 'pinpoint', 'pinpoint-email', 'pinpoint-sms-voice', 'pinpoint-sms-voice-v2', 'pipes', 'polly', 'pricing', 'privatenetworks', 'proton', 'qldb', 'qldb-session', 'quicksight', 'ram', 'rbin', 'rds', 'rds-data', 'redshift', 'redshift-data', 'redshift-serverless', 'rekognition', 'resiliencehub', 'resource-explorer-2', 'resource-groups', 'resourcegroupstaggingapi', 'robomaker', 'rolesanywhere', 'route53', 'route53-recovery-cluster', 'route53-recovery-control-config', 'route53-recovery-readiness', 'route53domains', 'route53resolver', 'rum', 's3', 's3control', 's3outposts', 'sagemaker', 'sagemaker-a2i-runtime', 'sagemaker-edge', 'sagemaker-featurestore-runtime', 'sagemaker-geospatial', 'sagemaker-metrics', 'sagemaker-runtime', 'savingsplans', 'scheduler', 'schemas', 'sdb', 'secretsmanager', 'securityhub', 'securitylake', 'serverlessrepo', 'service-quotas', 'servicecatalog', 'servicecatalog-appregistry', 'servicediscovery', 'ses', 'sesv2', 'shield', 'signer', 'simspaceweaver', 'sms', 'sms-voice', 'snow-device-management', 'snowball', 'sns', 'sqs', 'ssm', 'ssm-contacts', 'ssm-incidents', 'ssm-sap', 'sso', 'sso-admin', 'sso-oidc', 'stepfunctions', 'storagegateway', 'sts', 'support', 'support-app', 'swf', 'synthetics', 'textract', 'timestream-query', 'timestream-write', 'tnb', 'transcribe', 'transfer', 'translate', 'verifiedpermissions', 'voice-id', 'vpc-lattice', 'waf', 'waf-regional', 'wafv2', 'wellarchitected', 'wisdom', 'workdocs', 'worklink', 'workmail', 'workmailmessageflow', 'workspaces', 'workspaces-web', 'xray']

import-pretty-print-pprint-as-pp-for-list-ouput

```py from pprint import pprint as pp

pp(session.get_available_services()) ['accessanalyzer', 'account', 'acm', 'acm-pca', 'alexaforbusiness', 'amp', 'amplify', 'amplifybackend', 'amplifyuibuilder', 'apigateway', 'apigatewaymanagementapi', 'apigatewayv2', 'appconfig', 'appconfigdata', 'appflow', 'appintegrations', 'application-autoscaling', 'application-insights', 'applicationcostprofiler', 'appmesh', 'apprunner', 'appstream', 'appsync', 'arc-zonal-shift', 'athena', 'auditmanager', 'autoscaling', 'autoscaling-plans', 'backup', 'backup-gateway', 'backupstorage', 'batch', 'billingconductor', 'braket', 'budgets', 'ce', 'chime', 'chime-sdk-identity', 'chime-sdk-media-pipelines', 'chime-sdk-meetings', 'chime-sdk-messaging', 'chime-sdk-voice', 'cleanrooms', 'cloud9', 'cloudcontrol', 'clouddirectory', 'cloudformation', 'cloudfront', 'cloudhsm', 'cloudhsmv2', 'cloudsearch', 'cloudsearchdomain', 'cloudtrail', 'cloudtrail-data', 'cloudwatch', 'codeartifact', 'codebuild', 'codecatalyst', 'codecommit', 'codedeploy', 'codeguru-reviewer', 'codeguru-security', 'codeguruprofiler', 'codepipeline', 'codestar', 'codestar-connections', 'codestar-notifications', 'cognito-identity', 'cognito-idp', 'cognito-sync', 'comprehend', 'comprehendmedical', 'compute-optimizer', 'config', 'connect', 'connect-contact-lens', 'connectcampaigns', 'connectcases', 'connectparticipant', 'controltower', 'cur', 'customer-profiles', 'databrew', 'dataexchange', 'datapipeline', 'datasync', 'dax', 'detective', 'devicefarm', 'devops-guru', 'directconnect', 'discovery', 'dlm', 'dms', 'docdb', 'docdb-elastic', 'drs', 'ds', 'dynamodb', 'dynamodbstreams', 'ebs', 'ec2', 'ec2-instance-connect', 'ecr', 'ecr-public', 'ecs', 'efs', 'eks', 'elastic-inference', 'elasticache', 'elasticbeanstalk', 'elastictranscoder', 'elb', 'elbv2', 'emr', 'emr-containers', 'emr-serverless', 'es', 'events', 'evidently', 'finspace', 'finspace-data', 'firehose', 'fis', 'fms', 'forecast', 'forecastquery', 'frauddetector', 'fsx', 'gamelift', 'gamesparks', 'glacier', 'globalaccelerator', 'glue', 'grafana', 'greengrass', 'greengrassv2', 'groundstation', 'guardduty', 'health', 'healthlake', 'honeycode', 'iam', 'identitystore', 'imagebuilder', 'importexport', 'inspector', 'inspector2', 'internetmonitor', 'iot', 'iot-data', 'iot-jobs-data', 'iot-roborunner', 'iot1click-devices', 'iot1click-projects', 'iotanalytics', 'iotdeviceadvisor', 'iotevents', 'iotevents-data', 'iotfleethub', 'iotfleetwise', 'iotsecuretunneling', 'iotsitewise', 'iotthingsgraph', 'iottwinmaker', 'iotwireless', 'ivs', 'ivs-realtime', 'ivschat', 'kafka', 'kafkaconnect', 'kendra', 'kendra-ranking', 'keyspaces', 'kinesis', 'kinesis-video-archived-media', 'kinesis-video-media', 'kinesis-video-signaling', 'kinesis-video-webrtc-storage', 'kinesisanalytics', 'kinesisanalyticsv2', 'kinesisvideo', 'kms', 'lakeformation', 'lambda', 'lex-models', 'lex-runtime', 'lexv2-models', 'lexv2-runtime', 'license-manager', 'license-manager-linux-subscriptions', 'license-manager-user-subscriptions', 'lightsail', 'location', 'logs', 'lookoutequipment', 'lookoutmetrics', 'lookoutvision', 'm2', 'machinelearning', 'macie', 'macie2', 'managedblockchain', 'marketplace-catalog', 'marketplace-entitlement', 'marketplacecommerceanalytics', 'mediaconnect', 'mediaconvert', 'medialive', 'mediapackage', 'mediapackage-vod', 'mediapackagev2', 'mediastore', 'mediastore-data', 'mediatailor', 'memorydb', 'meteringmarketplace', 'mgh', 'mgn', 'migration-hub-refactor-spaces', 'migrationhub-config', 'migrationhuborchestrator', 'migrationhubstrategy', 'mobile', 'mq', 'mturk', 'mwaa', 'neptune', 'network-firewall', 'networkmanager', 'nimble', 'oam', 'omics', 'opensearch', 'opensearchserverless', 'opsworks', 'opsworkscm', 'organizations', 'osis', 'outposts', 'panorama', 'payment-cryptography', 'payment-cryptography-data', 'personalize', 'personalize-events', 'personalize-runtime', 'pi', 'pinpoint', 'pinpoint-email', 'pinpoint-sms-voice', 'pinpoint-sms-voice-v2', 'pipes', 'polly', 'pricing', 'privatenetworks', 'proton', 'qldb', 'qldb-session', 'quicksight', 'ram', 'rbin', 'rds', 'rds-data', 'redshift', 'redshift-data', 'redshift-serverless', 'rekognition', 'resiliencehub', 'resource-explorer-2', 'resource-groups', 'resourcegroupstaggingapi', 'robomaker', 'rolesanywhere', 'route53', 'route53-recovery-cluster', 'route53-recovery-control-config', 'route53-recovery-readiness', 'route53domains', 'route53resolver', 'rum', 's3', 's3control', 's3outposts', 'sagemaker', 'sagemaker-a2i-runtime', 'sagemaker-edge', 'sagemaker-featurestore-runtime', 'sagemaker-geospatial', 'sagemaker-metrics', 'sagemaker-runtime', 'savingsplans', 'scheduler', 'schemas', 'sdb', 'secretsmanager', 'securityhub', 'securitylake', 'serverlessrepo', 'service-quotas', 'servicecatalog', 'servicecatalog-appregistry', 'servicediscovery', 'ses', 'sesv2', 'shield', 'signer', 'simspaceweaver', 'sms', 'sms-voice', 'snow-device-management', 'snowball', 'sns', 'sqs', 'ssm', 'ssm-contacts', 'ssm-incidents', 'ssm-sap', 'sso', 'sso-admin', 'sso-oidc', 'stepfunctions', 'storagegateway', 'sts', 'support', 'support-app', 'swf', 'synthetics', 'textract', 'timestream-query', 'timestream-write', 'tnb', 'transcribe', 'transfer', 'translate', 'verifiedpermissions', 'voice-id', 'vpc-lattice', 'waf', 'waf-regional', 'wafv2', 'wellarchitected', 'wisdom', 'workdocs', 'worklink', 'workmail', 'workmailmessageflow', 'workspaces', 'workspaces-web', 'xray'] ```


Happy learning,

Antonio Feijao UK